Stelis phaeoptera-Garden -Rare

I have seen about three of these in my garden I am assuming that they are using the many Osmia leaiana as hosts.

SONY DSC

Description and notes
Since recording began this has always been considered a rare cleptoparasitic bee, but during this century it has decreased alarmingly.

Distribution
Formerly widely distributed in England, mainly south of a line extending from the Severn to the Wash, with additional records from Monmouthshire (Hallett, 1956). Recent records are only from a few scattered localities in England (especially in Devon) and south Wales. The reason for the decline is unknown. In Europe, the species is found from southern Finland to Greece, and into Asia It also occurs in North Africa (Morocco).
Status (in Britain only)
Listed as Rare (RDB3) by Shirt (1987). Provisionally listed as Vulnerable (pRDB2) by Falk (1991). Owing to the paucity of recent records, the status should be reviewed.
Habitat
Many of the modern Devon records are of bees flying about or alighting on cob walls, these perhaps containing the nest burrows of its host species (megachiline bees).
Flight period
Univoltine; from late May to mid August (rarely September).
Nesting biology
The host species of this Stelis have not been confirmed for Britain. Jones (1932) removed a female S. phaeoptera from a nest burrow of Osmia leaiana at Wicken Fen, Cambridgeshire. However, other megachiline species may also be hosts of this cleptoparasite in Britain.
Flowers visited
Bird’s-foot-trefoil (Lotus corniculatus), field scabious (Knautia arvensis), hawkweed (Hieracium sp.), spear thistle (Cirsium vulgare) and speedwell (Veronica sp.).

 

Hylaeus brevicornis – Garden

Distribution
A common species found throughout much of lowland Britain from Kent to the Isles of Scilly, and northwards to Kirkcudbrightshire. There are remarkably few records from Wales, where the species may be under-recorded. Also known from the Isle of Man, Scilly and the Channel Islands. In Ireland it is widely distributed, mainly in the eastern and southern counties. Widely distributed throughout much of Europe, north Africa (see distribution map in Koster (1986a)), the Middle East, the Caucasus, Iran and in Japan (as H. perforator).
Status (in Britain only)
This species is not regarded as being scarce or threatened.
Habitat
Found in woodland, fenland, calcareous grassland, heathland and on the coast.
Flight period
Late May to mid-September. In France this bee is reported to have two or three generations a year (Janvier, 1972), and the same may occur in the British Isles, at least in the southern part of its range.
Nesting biology
Specimens have been reared several times from dead bramble (Rubus) stem-nests (Danks, 1971; G R Else, pers. obs.). The nesting habits, nests and prepupae have been described in detail by Danks (1971).
Flowers visited
These include bramble (Rubus fruticosus agg.), sea-holly (Eryngium maritimum), wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa), hogweed (Heracleum sphondylium), wild carrot (Daucus carota), sea spurge (Euphorbia paralias), bog pimpernel (Anagallis tenella), thyme (Thymus sp.), sheep’s-bit (Jasione montana), ragwort (Senecio jacobaea), creeping thistle (Cirsium arvense) and beaked hawk’s-beard (Crepis vesicaria).
Parasites
The ichneumonid wasp Hoplocyrtus bellosus (as H. signatorius) and a eurytomid wasp in the genus Eurytoma have been reared from nests of this bee (Danks, 1971). The first species was also reared from stem-nests of this bee by Field & Foster (1988), though it was erroneously cited by them as Perithous divinator.

Anthophora furcata -male-Garden

Distribution
Widely distributed in England and Wales; it is the only Anthophora species recorded from Scotland (Kircudbrightshire). There are no records from Ireland or the Channel Islands. A Eurasian species, the range extending from western Europe to Kashmir.
Status (in Britain only)
The bee is not regarded as being scarce or threatened.
Habitat
Virtually ubiquitous within its range in lowland Britain, being reported from gardens, woodland, grasslands, moors, heaths and fenlands.
Flight period
Univoltine; late May to August or early September.
Nesting biology
Nest burrows and cells are excavated in rotten wood. A nest generally consists of two or more parallel burrows. Cells are oval in outline and are enlarged sections of the burrow; each cell is lined with compacted wood dust (pers. obs.). A nest is illustrated by Müller, Krebs & Amiet (1997). The winter is passed as a prepupa, not contained within a cocoon.
Flowers visited
Bastard balm (Melissa melissophyllum), black horehound (Ballota nigra), bramble (Rubus fruticosus agg.), butterfly-bush (Buddleja davidii), cat-mint (Nepeta cataria), hawkweed (Hieracium), hedge woundwort (Stachys sylvatica), iris (Iris sp. ), knapweed (Centaurea sp.), marsh thistle (Cirsium palustre), marsh woundwort (Stachys palustris), nightshades (Solanum sp.), red dead-nettle (Lamium purpureum), spear thistle (Cirsium vulgare), white dead-nettle (Lamium album), wood sage (Teucrium scorodonia).
Parasites
Both Coelioxys quadridentata and C. rufescens have been cited as bee cleptoparsites of A. furcata, having been reared from nests of the species (M Edwards, pers. comm., and Richards (1949) respectively).

Hylaeus hyalinatus-Male- Garden

H. hyalinatus is frequent in southern Britain but becomes scarcer in the north – extending into south Scotland. It occurs in a wide range of habitats and forages on a variety of flowers. Nesting occurs in hollow plant stems and in the mortar of walls

Auplopus carbonarius-male- Garden

Notable Species

Distribution
A generally scarce species although perhaps especially prone to under-recording through its secretive and elusive nature. It is essentially a southern species, although an old record for ‘Bridgenorth’ (Saunders 1896) may refer to Shropshire.
Status (in Britain only)
The species is not listed in the Red Data Book (Shirt 1987), but is recognised as a Nationally Notable (Nb) species in Falk (1991).
Habitat
The wasp tends to inhabit woodland, especially that with streams and marshy areas which provide wet mud and clay for nesting materials.
Flight period
Apparently single-brooded; May to September.
Prey collected
These are most frequently spiders in the family Clubionidae, but there are other records for gnaphosids, salticids, agelenids, thomisids, lycosids, segestriids and anyphaenids.
Nesting biology
The nesting behaviour (which is summarised by Richards and Hamm (1939) and Day (1988)) is rather more complex than that of most pompilids and demonstrates tremendous versatility on the part of the female. The nests are built in cavities in a great variety of situations, non-British reports citing nests beneath stones, in stone walls, in tree stumps (often in old beetle burrows), under bark and in crevices of tree trunks, in empty galls of cynipid wasps, in empty burrows of earthworms or cicadas, in old snail shells, in beehives, in an old cloth in a garden, behind a door frame, in a loft and in an old mirror in a garden. The nests may sometimes be mixed with those of other aculeates such as Anthophora bees and Ancistrocerus wasps and, indeed, A. carbonarius may use old nest holes of these species. Females construct small, barrel-shaped cells which are laid on their side. These are manufactured from small pellets of clay obtained from damp areas, such as river banks or beneath stones, and carried to the nest site between the mandibles and a group of specialised hairs on the basal mouthparts. Water is also collected separately, probably to aid nest building. Completed nests may consist of ten or more cells (as many as 34 on one occasion) arranged in a block. These nest cells, constructed prior to prey capture, are stocked with a wide variety of spiders obtained from amongst vegetation. One prey item is placed in each cell. The wasp may fly with small prey individuals (unusual in the Pompilidae where the prey is usually dragged along the ground).
Flowers visited
These wasps may occasionally visit flowers such as spurge (G M Spooner, unpublished).
Author of profile

Andrena minutoloides (garden)

Not a great photo as its from my phone through my microscope, this bee was found dead in my studio it keys out to I am sure Andrena minutoloides

The best way to spend a wet, dark winters afternoon.

Currant Clearwing -Synanthedon tipuliformis- Garden

Currant Clearwing Synanthedon tipuliformis
(Clerck, 1759)

Wingspan 17-20 mm.

The larvae of this species feed internally on the shoots of red currant and black currant bushes (Ribes), and therefore tends to be found around allotments and other similar places.

This rather small species (c. 18mm wingspan) is on the wing between late May and July.

It is widely distributed throughout England and Wales, extending into parts of Scotland, but is not especially common anywhere…. UK Moths

Sapyga-quinquepunctata (wasp) Garden

Sapyga quinquepunctata (Cleptoparasitic wasp)

Distribution
Cornwall to Kent, and north to Westmorland and North-east Yorkshire.
Overseas found in much of Europe (including Norway, Sweden, Denmark, The Netherlands, France, Germany, Italy, Austria, Hungary, Greece, Malta, Cyprus); the Middle East (Syria, Jordan, Israel, Turkey) and north Africa (Tunisia, Morocco).
Status (in Britain only)
This species is not regarded as being scarce or threatened.
Habitat
Found in a wide variety of open habitats: woodland and shrubland, lowland heaths, chalk quarries, coastal cliffs, gardens and cemeteries. Often found flying around the nest sites of its hosts: mud, walls, holes in mortar, dead wood, old wooden posts, and snail shells.
Flight period
Univoltine. Males are found during May and June, and rarely in July. Females occur mainly during June, often during May and July, or more rarely in April and August.
Flowers visited
Thyme is the only plant recorded.
Parasitic biology
Cleptoparasitic on bees of the genus Osmia (O. bicornis (Linnaeus), O. leaiana (Kirby) and O. aurulenta (Panzer), O. caerulescens (Linnaeus) (Else, in prep.)) and Chelostoma. The female enters the nest of the host and lays an egg on or near the egg of the host. Gauld and Bolton (1988) indicate that the sting is used to penetrate the cell wall, thus acting as an ovipositor. P Westrich (pers.com., 1999) says that the egg is placed directly in the cell. On hatching, the first instar larva, which has large mandibles, eats the egg of the host. Later instars have smaller mandibles and feed on the stored food of the host.

SONY DSC

NHMSYS0000876664-1

As you can see not many Recorded sightings in East Anglia but this is probably just due to under recording or the NBN map not being updated.