Ctenicera cuprea- Isle of Berneray

Size – 11-16mm.

Description – A large, very elongated species and variable species. Colour combinations include dark yellow elytra with green tips and a green pronotum, wholly green or wholly purple. There is a conspicuous dipped line down the centre of the pronotum and the elytra are ridged. Most specimens have a very metallic appearence. Males have very long and pectinate antennae, whilst females have shorter and plainer, but noticeably segmented antennae. The legs are black.

Distribution – A fairly common species in the north and west of England and Wales and in much of Scotland. Range extends down to Northamptonshire, with scattered records in the south-west.

Biology – Larvae develop in soil and are considered pests in some areas of the continent of various species of grasses, young trees and food crops such as Oats and Barley. Imago insects appear from May to July and males are particularly conspicuous resting at the tops of grasses and on flowers of Umbellifers and Carduus spp. and flying on sunny, calm days, whilst females are more elusive being found resting on flowers and under stones.

Habitat – In Britain this species is associated with upland heath or moorland areas of the north and west, but can be found in heathy areas in the Midlands.


Bombus Jonellus -Heath Bumblebee -Scarce (Berneray & North Uist)


Sadly the only photo I have of this type of bee, Taken on a very windy day on Berneray.

Often found in heath and moorland. More frequent in Scotland, in southern England. It is found in gardens and calcareous grassland as well as heathland. The queen and workers look the same, the male has more yellow.

Body lengths, queen 16 mm, worker 12mm, male 12mm.

Eleven-spot Ladybird (Coccinella undecimpunctata) (Berneray & North Uist)



Length: 4 – 5mm. Background colour: red. Pattern colour: black spots. Number of spots: 7-11 (11). Spot fusions: uncommon. Melanic (black) forms: no. Pronotum: black with anterior-lateral white marks; broadest at base. Leg colour: black. Other features: black spots occasionally surrounded by a thin yellow ring.

Fourth-instar larva: closely resembles 7-spot ladybird, but smaller and without the conspicuous orange lateral patches on first thoracic segment; abdomen has orange spots in pairs on a grey-black background. Pupa: black front section but otherwise cream with inner tubercles on abdominal segments forming two dark bands running longitudinally; orange lateral patches on first abdominal segment; inner and outer tubercles on fourth abdominal segment also orange.


Habitats: The 11-spot ladybird is an elusive species that occupies a variety of habitats but particularly dune systems. The coastal nature of this species is further highlighted by the number of strandline records.

Host plants: 11-spot ladybirds are commonly associated with sea radish, nettle, gorse, rosebay willowherb and thistles. There are a scattering of records from deciduous trees including ash, beech, sycamore and oak.

Food: aphids.

Nemotelus uliginosus (Barred Snout soldier fly) (Berneray & North Uist)


This is a cream and black patterned soldier fly, the males have more of the creamy colour on the abdomen than the females. Females of the species can be distinguished from the similar Nemotelus uliginosus female by the shape of the white bars on the frons. In uliginosis they are parallel-sided bars and in notatus they are wedge shaped
Saltmarsh, waste ground and unimproved grassland, but usually coastal.
When to see it
June to early September, peaking in July.
UK Status
Fairly frequent and widespread in Britain but most records are coastal… NatureSpot.


Red Wasp Vespula rufa Queen (Berneray & North Uist)


Vespula rufa usually has rufous markings on the first and second abdominal segments (coupled with the pattern of black markings) and these are diagnostic of the species.
Often seen on flowers.
When to see it
Summer and autumn.
Life History
A ground nesting species.
UK Status
Widespread and fairly frequent in Britain.


You can just make out a little bit of the reddish rusty colour on the abdomen in the top photo