Enoplops scahpa Boat Bug (St Davids Wales)

Enoplops scahpa

Enoplops scahpa

Two adults and a first instar just in show to the left.

Enoplops scapha Boat Bug
Family: Coreidae

A large and distinctive dark grey squashbug with cream markings on the connexivum. Early instar larvae have very spiny antennae and a green abdomen. Later instars are superficially similar to the much commoner Coreus marginatus but the abdominal tergites are more pointed.

A local species which is mostly confined to coastal areas between Kent and north Wales, favouring dry open habitats such as sand dunes and soft cliffs. The foodplant is scentless mayweed and other Compositae….British Bugs

Pholcus phalangioides – Cellar spider

Pholcus phalangioides

The cellar spider, also known as the skull spider due to its cephalothorax looking like a human skull, is a spider of the family Pholcidae. Females have a body length of about 9 mm; males are slightly smaller. Its legs are about 5 or 6 times the length of its body (reaching up to 7 cm of leg span in females). Its habit of living on the ceilings of rooms, caves, garages or cellars gives rise to one of its common names. They are considered beneficial in some parts of the world because they kill and eat other spiders, including species that can be considered a problem to humans such as hobo and redback spiders.

Stenodema calcarata (St Davids)


Stenodema calcarata
Family: Miridae

Stenodema species are elongate grass bugs with a longitudinal furrow between the eyes. The genus is best distinguished by the coarsely and densely pitted pronotum, although the two spurs on the hind femora of S. calcarata make this species unmistakeable. S. trispinosa has three femoral spurs.

Common throughout the UK, both adults and larvae feed on the unripe grains of a number of grasses, although this species is often commoner in drier habitats than S. laevigata.

This bug overwinters as an adult and emerges in April, following which females turn green while males remain mostly straw-coloured. Late-instar nymphs have a single femoral spur. The new generation is complete by August… British bugs

Broom Moth Caterpillar – Ceramica pisi (St Davids, Wales)

Wingspan 32-37 mm. A very variable species, with the ground colour varying between greyish brown to a dark chestnut colour, and the intensity of the markings varying too.

Inhabiting open woodland and heathland, it is quite common in most of Britain.

It flies between May and July, and is attracted to light.

The distinctive brown and yellow striped caterpillar feeds not only on broom (Cytisus scoparius), but also on bracken (Pteridium aquilinum) and other trees and plants… UK Moths

Silpha atrata (St Davids, Wales)

It is around 15 mm long with a shiny appearance and broadly spaced ridges along the length of the elytra. A red form of this beetle occurs and can sometimes be common in certain localities.
Common in many different habitats including woodland, meadows and gardens. It can sometimes be seen resting under logs and debris with its head tucked under the pronotum.
When to see it
January to May.
Life History
Sometimes called the Black Snail Beetle, this species does indeed specialise in feeding on snails and has a narrow head adapted to this role. The larvae also feed on pulmonate snails and earthworms…Naturespot

There are photos of the common black and the rarer brown beetle

Bloody-nosed Beetle Timarcha tenebricosa (St Davids, Wales)



The Bloody-nosed Beetle is a large, round beetle with long legs that is flightless and can often be seen plodding across paths or through grass. It can be found during the spring and summer in grassland, heathland and along hedgerows. One of our largest ‘leaf beetles’, adults feed on the leaves of Lady’s Bedstraw and related plants, and the larvae can be seen hanging from these plants. The name derives from its defence mechanism, when breathed on, the beetles secrete a blood-red liquid from the mouth which irritates the mouths of mammals.